How to Treat Cough in Children

How to Treat Cough in Children

Babies with a lot of coughing and vomiting during sleep are more common in newborn babies. Although this is common, not all parents know how to handle it properly. Because children cannot manage coughs and vomiting on their own, parents need appropriate intervention to prevent symptoms from making them more comfortable.

Coughing and sleepiness are common conditions for most children. It is a concern that makes many parents nervous when they sleep. This may be a symptom of a number of conditions such as digestive disorders, respiratory infections, flu … Although children with coughing and vomiting during sleep are not dangerous. However, when symptoms recur every time day will affect the sleep of children, children tired and debilitated quickly.

Cause children with coughing and vomiting during sleep

According to the analysis of experts, the cause of the child’s cough and vomiting are due to physiological changes or pathologies. Parents need to distinguish the cause. It will help the handling of children reduce symptoms more effectively.

The cause is physiological

Vomiting is a normal physiological symptom that occurs in young children. For children under 1 year of age, the digestive system with the throat is basically a straight line. Therefore, when your baby is full without digestion. There will be a reverse of the contents in the stomach to the mouth.

In addition, this situation is also common when the parents hold or shake the baby strongly making the baby’s stomach constrict. Other common physiological reasons are: babies twisting, leaning, often changing positions suddenly when sleeping, in addition to some mistakes about feeding children makes it difficult for children to digest and easy vomiting more when sleeping.

Cause due to pathology

Babies coughing and vomiting during sleep are sometimes symptoms of diseases of the digestive system (enteritis, gastrointestinal disorders, gastroesophageal reflux disease) and diseases related to the nervous system (meningitis, encephalitis …). In addition parents should also be careful before respiratory diseases (rhinitis, bronchitis, pneumonia …)

In addition, vomiting and cough are also one of the most common symptoms when a child has the flu, a cold. These are common diseases in the newborn age when the baby’s body is under the attack of viruses and bacteria. At this time in the nasal cavity of children will secrete more mucus, when this amount of fluid will flood down the child’s throat makes the baby nausea and vomiting.

The younger the child, the weaker he or she is resistant to external factors, so the higher the likelihood of getting the disease, the more complicated it will be than the older ones. Some rare conditions that manifest vomiting and vomiting such as meningitis, sepsis … have many dangers that threaten children’s health. Therefore, if parents notice the child presents with coughing, vomiting, accompanied by high fever, lethargy, lethargy, and excessive sweating, the child should be taken to the medical facility as soon as possible to be checked and treated promptly. time.

How to deal with coughing and vomiting during sleep

When children have coughing and vomiting a lot when sleeping, parents need to have solutions to help children reverse symptoms. The recurrence of this situation often will quickly cause the baby to lose strength, lose weight, lose sleep. Experts have provided some advice for parents in this case. The most important principles are:

When children are sleeping and coughing, nausea and vomiting milk or gastric juice, parents should clean their mouths, change new clothes and wipe them with warm water to avoid the smell of vomit that makes babies uncomfortable than.

Should not hold the baby when the child is coughing and vomiting

Parents should not hold the baby when the child is coughing and vomiting, hugging the baby suddenly will easily cause the vomit to spill into the lungs and cause breathing difficulties, critical respiratory failure for the child.

Avoid shouting at the child,

Parents should patiently handle the situation, avoid shouting at the child, because when the baby fussy, he will cough and vomit more. Besides, parents should hold the baby upright and gently rub the back to talk to the child to forget the vomiting.

When the child is vomiting, parents let the baby sit with their head to the front or lying on their side so that the food and vomit do not spill into the trachea.

Parents should hold the baby to the chest, shoulder, left hand stroking the back of the baby in the upper direction to go down to the gastric juice down the stomach, this way will limit the situation of reflux up.

After the child has shown signs of stability, parents put the baby still and put pillows or napkins so that the baby is comfortable.

should not give milk to the baby as soon as the child has vomited.

In case the child has a cough and has swallowed the whole milk, parents should not give milk to the baby as soon as the child has vomited.

Let children lie down to rest until they are completely stable, they can give milk to compensate. It should be noted for children to drink little by little, should not be put into bottles for feeding or too quickly.

If your child often experiences coughing and vomiting during sleep, parents should feed the baby easy-to-swallow and digestible foods.

Because when the child vomits, the child will lose a large amount of water so parents can give the baby rehydration or supplement Oresol to make up for the baby’s electrolyte deficiency.

Prevent children from coughing and vomiting during the night

Although a child with coughing and vomiting during sleep is a normal symptom that occurs during the first years of a child’s life, parents can reduce the number of times the child vomits with basic tips. In particular, to prevent cases of baby coughing and vomiting, parents should pay attention:

Preventing cough and vomiting for breast-feeding infants

Keep the baby warm

In order for cold air to invade the child, parents should allow children to wear warm enough clothes. If the weather is cold, do not let your baby stay in the air conditioner, especially at night and near the morning when sleeping. When taking children out, they must prepare scarves for children, for children to wear warmth and masks.

Change the position to breastfeed

The mother breastfeeds slowly, avoiding giving the baby too much grape and lying right after feeding. Parents should hold the baby for about 15 minutes so the child can digest the milk. Mother should keep her head and baby lying in a straight line. Her arms close to her body and use her other hand to support her butt.

When feeding a bottle, parents should tilt the bottle so that the milk floods the neck. This position will help children not to swallow too much air into the stomach causing vomiting. With the position of breastfeeding or bottle-feeding, parents must ensure that the baby’s head is 30 degrees higher than the body so that the food is easily absorbed and does not cause stomach reflux.

Pat the baby after feeding / eating

After breastfeeding or feeding, parents should hold their backs against their parents’ shoulders and pat their backs so they can burp. This method will help reduce the amount of gas that children swallow in the stomach when they are eating or breastfeeding, which is also the cause of vomiting often occurs.

Prevent coughing and vomiting when babies eat solids

Split meals to aid digestion

For children in the weaning period, parents should divide the child’s diet into smaller meals instead of feeding three large meals a day. Most cases of vomiting due to sleep often due to overeating, sphincter muscles are weak so digestive activity is not complete. So dividing the diet into smaller meals will help the baby digest faster and reduce vomiting.

Change the way for babies to eat miles

When children are in the weaning stage, parents should give the baby liquid food. Easy to digest, easy to swallow and should not force the baby to eat too full. The quantity and consistency of a meal varies with the age of the child. If parents force their child to eat foods that make him feel sick, he will develop a fear of food, crying and coughing at mealtime. This is a common psychological symptom in children at weaning age.

Prepare nutritious meals for children

Because when vomiting often, the child’s body will lack nutrition and electrolyte imbalance. So it is very important to compensate for water and nutrition. When your child gets enough nutrients, his / her immune system will be strengthened. Thus, the young body is protected from harmful agents. When children cough and vomit much at night. Parents should encourage children to drink plenty of water, especially fruit juice to supplement beneficial vitamins.

Replace formula milk

Some types of formula are high in fat and protein, which can be difficult for children to tolerate. For these cases, parents can replace formula with soy milk or cow’s milk in the form of yogurt. To support the baby’s digestive system to work better and minimize vomiting. Mothers should supplement probiotics containing probiotics with probiotics, or yogurt for children.

In general, children with coughing and vomiting during sleep can be prevented and overcome in some basic ways mentioned above. Parents should also be alert to danger signs such as excessive coughing accompanied by rapid breathing, wheezing, difficulty breathing, fever, etc. So take your child to the hospital for examination and support. Parents should not use cough or anti-emetic medications for children because they can lead to unpredictable consequences.