Basic newborn care
Infants are children under the age of 1 month. At this age, the basic activities of children usually only include breastfeeding, sleeping, passing out, and urinating … However, taking care of newborns in the first month is always a challenge for many parents, especially parents with firstborn children. Mom should note that some of the following basic infant care issues can make it easier for her to take care of her baby.
Bathing for newborn babies
Babies should be bathed from day 2 of age, and a shower every 2 to 3 days is sufficient. Should bathe your baby in a warm environment. Before putting the baby in the water, always check the temperature of the water with the mother’s elbow. Use mild soap and soft washcloths.
Change diapers and monitor your baby’s diapers
You should change your newborn’s diaper regularly, as soon as it is wet or dirty. At first, mom may feel awkward but will gradually get used to this job when often doing. Read more tips to make changing diapers easier:
- Get ready: Before starting to change a diaper, make sure you have what you need in the area most accessible to your mother.
- Safety: If you use a changing table, make sure it is secure and has a seat belt. Also, make sure it has lots of compartments for everything you need to replace your child. Remember never to turn away while changing a baby’s diaper.
- Cleansing: Gently cleanses baby’s skin.
For girls: Wipe the genitals from front to back. In the first 4 weeks after birth, it is normal for girls to have white, milky, or bloody discharge.
For boys: Clean under the scrotum. Do not push or pull the foreskin into the penis.
Caring for your newborn’s umbilical cord in the early days
The umbilical cord of the newborn does not need any special care, the mother just needs to keep it clean and dry. If the umbilical cord is dirty, simply wipe it off with a warm, wet cloth, cotton ball or cotton swab (Q-tip) and allow to dry. If the skin around the navel becomes red, hard, pusy, or stink – call your doctor. These may be signs of an umbilical area infection and require appropriate treatment.
Breast milk is the best food babies need in the first 6 months of life. There is no need to give your child anything else: water, sugar, juice, and electrolyte drinks unless you are instructed by your doctor when your baby has a health problem. Cow’s or goat’s milk is also not recommended for babies under 1 year of age. Breastfeed your baby according to your baby’s needs. However, make sure the baby is fed 6-8 times a day so that he/she can breastfeed the amount of milk needed for development.
Most babies sleep a lot, from 18 to 20 hours a day. As children get older, they will need less sleep. Every baby has a different sleep schedule and no schedule, moms should adapt to her sleep.
Children should sleep in the supine position because in this position the esophagus will be under the trachea, so milk or food will be less likely to flow into the airway. This reduces the risk of sudden death in young children. Other sleeping positions can be consulted by a specialist in case your baby has a health problem and needs advice.
2. Tips for caring for newborns in the summer
In summer, the environment temperature in our country is often too hot. This makes parents often have problems with the health of their children. Here are some issues that moms should refer to take care of children better in the summer.
Does the child need to drink more water?
For babies, the best nutrition and drink for babies is breast milk. The mother does not need to let children drink more water in the summer. In the case of children suffering from conditions that can cause dehydration, such as diarrhea or high fever, mothers should not give water to children at home but should visit a doctor or health facility for appropriate advice most okay.
Does your child have a fever when it’s hot?
In infants, hyperthermia is more likely to occur because infants cannot tell that they are hot or thirsty, their thermodynamic system is not fully developed, infants have fewer sweat glands adult role should eliminate heat through sweat is limited. Also, the child’s rate of hyperthermia is 3-5 times greater than that of adults. So you should pay attention to the symptoms of hyperthermia such as fewer tears when crying, less urinating (less than 6 times a day) or dark yellow or smelly urine … when the weather is hot.
To prevent hyperthermia, mothers should keep the room very cool, let children wear cool clothes, and good perspiration, limiting taking children out on hot days. Hyperthermia differs from fever (the body temperature increases due to an inflammatory response to bacterial or viral pathogens) in terms of the mechanism but in general the child’s temperature increases. Both of these cases indicate that the child’s body is not healthy. So when you feel your baby is hotter than usual, you should use a thermometer to measure your child’s body temperature. When the child’s body temperature is colder than 37.5o C, need to take your child to the doctor to find out the cause and be instructed to handle appropriately.
Is it necessary to bathe children more?
When the weather is hot, children may sweat more to regulate their body temperature. However, children’s sweat often doesn’t smell as much as adults so you don’t need to bathe your child more. In case the child has lots of dirty stool or diapers, the mother can bathe the baby to ensure hygiene.
What room temperature is suitable?
The ability to regulate body temperature in infants is much lower than that of adults and it is easy to hypothermia if the room temperature is too cold. So if your baby’s room using the air conditioner, be sure to wear enough clothes and children to a temperature of about 25-28 ° C slightly. In the case of a child bath in the room, take a bath with warm water, and avoid cold air on children.